Plane View Services was first established by Brian Mulligan, the developer of the Mulligan Concept of Manual Therapy in 1984.  The company was created to sell Brian’s textbooks on his concept “Manual Therapy NAGS, SNAGS PRP’s etc” and “Self treatments for back, neck and limbs.” Plane View got its name from the view of airplanes leaving Wellington Airport from Brian’s office window.  Brian also thought the name was appropriate as his techniques dealt with joint planes. “Manual Therapy NAGS, SNAGS PRP’s etc” is now in its 7th edition and includes Brian’s latest C0/1, C1/2, C2/3 technique for the upper cervical spine restrictions and headaches.

In early 2019 Brian sold the rights to publish his books to Jillian McDowell, a fellow Mulligan Concept teacher, and Plane View Services 2019 Ltd (PVS) was established. PVS now operates out of Invercargill, New Zealand. PVS aims to continue to provide Brian’s seminal works to physiotherapists, chiropractors, osteopaths, and orthopaedic doctors, both nationally and internationally, into the future. As the primary workbook recognised by the Mulligan Concept Teachers Association, it is designed to be used along-side training courses on Mulligan Concept Part A (cervical thoracic and upper limb), Part B (lumbar spine and lower limb) and Part C (advanced techniques) courses. Written with Brian’s own colloquial style, the 7th edition is easy to read (and often humorous), and is a key reference for any manual therapist working clinically today.

Jillian McDowell and Brian Mulligan

Jillian McDowell and Brian Mulligan


Books on offer for sale

Mulligan Concept Manual Therapy Book

Mulligan BR. Manual therapy NAGS, SNAGS, MWMS etc. 7th Edition. Wellington, NZ: Plane View Services Ltd; 2018. Language: English

Self Treatments For Back, Neck and Limbs Book

Mulligan B. Self treatments for back, neck and limbs. 3rd ed. Wellington, NZ: Plane View Services Ltd; 2012.

Mulligan BR. Manual therapy Chinese

Mulligan BR. Manual therapy NAGS, SNAGS, MWMS etc. 7th Edition.  2021.  Language: Chinese

Mulligan BR. Manual therapy Japanese

Mulligan BR. Manual therapy NAGS, SNAGS, MWMS etc. 7th Edition. Tokyo, Japan. Kyodo Isho Shuppan Ltd. Language: Japanese

Available on

Interested in placing an ordering?

If you are interested in placing an order for books please contact Jillian at for a quote and shipping rates.

Languages currently available: English, Japanese and Chinese. 

Equipment for sale

Thoracolumbar Snaggers

Thoracolumbar snaggers $35 (incl gst) each

Cervical Snaggers

Cervical snaggers $27 (incl gst) each

Treatment Belts

Treatment belts $30 (incl gst) each

Mulligan Concept Contact Pads

Silicon contact pads – pack of five (three small and two large) $45 (incl gst) each

Interested in placing an order?

Equipment is for sale in New Zealand/Australia only. Additional postage fees will apply.

Bulk purchase discounts available.

Please contact Jillian at

The Mulligan Concept

Mulligan Manual Therapy Concept Logo

The Mulligan Concept of Mobilisation with Movement (MWM) is a unique manual therapy treatment approach combining mobilisation with active movement or function. Fundamentally a patient’s pain, restriction or functional loss is eliminated when appropriate mobilisation forces are applied during movement. 

First developed by Brian Mulligan F.N.Z.S.P. (Hon), Dip. M.T., in Wellington, New Zealand, this simple yet effective manual approach has been taught since 1984.

The Mulligan Concept Teachers Association (MCTA) was established to provide excellence in Mulligan Concept training.  The MCTA now promotes the concept and it has 53 accredited teachers available to run courses for physiotherapists, osteopaths, chiropractors, and orthopaedic doctors internationally.

Principles of Mulligan Concept
Initially trained by Kaltenborn, Brian Mulligan took traditionally sustained translations and added patient generated active movement to achieve pain free movement and function.  Brian Mulligan’s concept of mobilizations with movement (MWMS) in the extremities and sustained natural apophyseal glides (SNAGS) in the spine were revolutionary due to this concurrent application of both therapist applied forces and patient generated movement.

With the concept rule of “pain free, instant and long lasting” underpinning all clinical reasoning, no other form of manual therapy offers real time decision making and safety. The paradigm is patient centred and patient controlled and has an extensive body of self-treatment options.

As Brian Mulligan has said: “There is no other concept in the field of manual therapy, that is applicable to the entire musculoskeletal system and that when indicated gives you an instant pain free result.  There is no other concept in the field of manual therapy that only requires 2 to 3 minutes to establish if it is indicated. A bonus is that when indicated it is diagnostically significant.”

A building body of evidence is now proving the efficacy for this approach for musculoskeletal conditions.

If you are interested in the Mulligan Concept please visit our International MCTA website

Find a course near you
Find a teacher near you
Find a Certified Mulligan Practitioner near you
Research on Mulligan Concept

About Jillian McDowell

Jillian McDowell

Jillian McDowell
MNZSP, Dip. Phys., Reg. Physio Acup., Post Grad. Cert. Sports Med., Dip. M.T., Cred. M.D.T., Cred. Mulligan Concept, MNZCP (Acupuncture), MNZCP (Manipulation),  MPhty, MCTA

Jillian is a New Zealand physiotherapist with 28 years of physiotherapy experience.  As a co-director of a private physiotherapy practice she works primarily as a clinician, in addition to her teaching roles.  She has taught acupuncture for 23 years in New Zealand more latterly Mulligan Concept, both nationally and internationally, for 9 years.  Previously tagged for both Manipulative Therapy and Acupuncture by the NZ College of Physiotherapy, she completed a master’s degree in Physiotherapy in 2007. She is the current Research Officer on the executive of the Physiotherapy Acupuncture Association of New Zealand and sits on the Physiotherapy New Zealand Professional Development Committee.  Jill is also the current International Chair of the MCTA. She has 8 publications and has contributed to two editions of Mulligan Concept techniques textbook, including the annotation section.  Her areas of interest are adverse reactions, western acupuncture neurophysiological clinical reasoning, and treatment of the sacroiliac joint/pelvis and headaches. 

A list Jillian’s publications can be found here.

If you are interested in booking Jillian for Mulligan Concept teaching, please email

If you would like to join one of Jillian’s courses her upcoming events are listed here.

Diploma of Physiotherapy Diploma of Manipulative Physiotherapy Register of Physiotherapy Acupuncturists Postgraduate Certificate of Sports Medicine (Otago) Credentialed Therapist, McKenzie Institute Mechanical Diagnosis & Therapy Tagged Member of New Zealand College of Physiotherapy (Manipulation) Accredited Sports Medicine New Zealand – Physical Conditioning Level 1 Tagged Member of New Zealand College of Physiotherapy (Acupuncture) Masters of Physiotherapy Otago (with Distinction) Accredited Mulligan Concept Teacher (MCTA)

Professional Memberships:
Physiotherapy New Zealand
Sports Medicine New Zealand
Physiotherapy Acupuncture Association of
New Zealand
New Zealand Manipulative Physiotherapists Association

Other Positions Held:
Accredited Mulligan Concept Teacher and International Chair of Mulligan Concept Teachers Association Research Officer, Physiotherapy Acupuncture Association of New Zealand
Tutor for Physiotherapy Acupuncture Association of New Zealand
Independent Advisor to the Health and Disability Commissioner of New Zealand Professional Development Committee Physiotherapy New Zealand
Auditor Physiotherapy New Zealand


You can book Jillian for Mulligan Concept teaching or to make a purchase.